Warehouse Dictionary

EAN.UCC thru Ex Works (DFZ)



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European Article Numbering/Uniform Code Council. The EAN.UCC System provides identification standards to uniquely identify trade items, logistics units, locations, assets, and service relations worldwide. The identification standards define the construction of globally-unique and unambiguous numbers.
Economic Order Quantity (EOQ)
An inventory model that determines how much to order by determining the amount that will meet customer service levels while minimizing total ordering and holding costs.
Economic Value Added (EVA)
A measurement of shareholder value as a company’s operating profits after tax, less an appropriate charge for the capital used in creating the profits.
Economy of Scale
A phenomenon whereby larger volumes of production reduce unit cost by distributing fixed costs over a larger quantity.
EDI Interchange
Communication between partners in the form of a structured set of messages and service segments starting with an interchange control header and ending with an interchange control trailer. In the context of X.400 EDI messaging, the contents of the primary body of an EDI message.
EDI Standards
Criteria that define the data content and format requirements for specific business transactions (e.g., purchase orders). Using standard formats allows companies to exchange transactions with multiple trading partners more easily.
EDI Transmission
A functional group of one or more EDI transactions that are sent to the same location in the same transmission, and are identified by a functional group header and trailer.
Effective dates: dates on the detail lines of bills of materials and routings that let the system know when these lines should be included in planning and execution activities.
Effective lead time: a lead time that has been adjusted to take into account additional factors. For example, in a fixed-schedule ordering system (periodic review) you may adjust your lead time to include the time between ordering opportunities.
Electronic Commerce (EC)
Also written as e-commerce. Conducting business electronically via traditional EDI technologies, or online via the Internet. In the traditional sense of selling goods, it’s possible to do this electronically because of certain software programs that run the main functions of e-commerce support, such as product display, ordering, shipment, billing, and inventory management. The definition of e-commerce includes business activity that is business-to-business (B2B) and/or business-to-consumer (B2C)
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Intercompany, computer-to-computer transmission of business information in a standard format. For EDI purists, computer to computer means direct transmission from the originating application program to the receiving or processing application program. An EDI transmission consists only of business data, not any accompanying verbiage or free-form messages. Purists might also contend that a standard format is one that is approved by a national or international standards organization, as opposed to formats developed by industry groups or companies.
Electronic Data Interchange Association
A national body that propagates and controls the use of EDI in a given country. All EDIAs are nonprofit organizations dedicated to encouraging EDI growth. The EDI in the United States was formerly TDCC and administered the development of standards in transportation and other industries.
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
A computerized system that processes financial transactions and information about these transactions or performs the exchange of value. Sending payment instructions across a computer network, or the company-to-company, company-to-bank, or bank-to bank electronic exchange of value.
EPC (Electronic Product Code)
A globally unique serial number for physical objects identified using RFID tags.
Emergency Stock
Quantity of a commodity that must be maintained on hand at all times to provide for initial response to an unplanned catastrophic event.
End Item
A product sold as a completed item or repair part; any item subject to a customer order or sales forecast.
End-of-Life Inventory
Inventory on hand that will satisfy future demand for products that are no longer in production at your company.
a variation of a make-to-order manufacturing strategy. An engineer-to-order strategy is used when the end product is truly custom. In this strategy, design or engineering tasks must be completed as part of the order process. This strategy has the longest lead time to the customer, but is necessary since the detailed specifications of the product are not known in advance.
Engineering Change
A revision to a drawing or design released by engineering to modify or correct a part. The request for the change can be from a customer or from production, quality control, another department, or a supplier.
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System
A class of software for planning and managing enterprise-wide the resources needed to take customer orders, ship them, account for them, and replenish all needed goods according to customer orders and forecasts. Often includes electronic commerce with suppliers. Examples of ERP systems are the application suites from SAP, Oracle, PeopleSoft, and others.
EPC or ePC
Electronic Product Code. An electronically coded tag that is intended as an improvement to the UPC barcode system. The EPC is a 96-bit tag which contains a number called the global Trade Identification Number (GTIN). Unlike a UPC number, which only provides information specific to a group of products, the GTIN gives each product its own specific identifying number, giving greater accuracy in tracking.
The rolling stock carriers use to facilitate the transportation services that they provide, including containers, trucks, chassis, vessels, and airplanes, among others.
Equipment I.D.
An identifier assigned by the carrier to a piece of equipment.
Equipment Positioning
The process of placing equipment at a selected location.
Evaluated Receipts Settlement (ERS)
A process for authorizing payment for goods based on actual receipts with purchase order data when price has already been negotiated. The basic premise behind ERS is that all of the information in an invoice has already been transmitted in the shipping documentation. Therefore, the invoice is eliminated and the shipping documentation is used to pay the vendor.
Exempt Carrier
A for-hire carrier that is free from economic regulation. Trucks hauling certain commodities are exempt from Interstate Commerce Commission economic regulation. By far, the largest portion of exempt carriers transports agricultural commodities or seafood.
1) Moving shipments through regular channels at an accelerated rate.
2) To take extraordinary action because of an increase in relative priority. Synonym: Stock chase
Expiration Date
In the WMS, the product expiration date may be used to assign an expiration date to an inventoried item. Commonly used with perishable inventory items, medicines, etc.
To send goods and services to another country.
Export Broker
An enterprise that brings together buyer and seller for a fee, then eventually withdraws from the transaction.
Export Declaration
A document required by the U.S. Treasury department and completed by the exporter to show the value, weight, consignee, destination, etc., pertinent to the export shipment. The document serves two purposes: to gather trade statistics and to provide a control document if the goods require a valid export license.
Export License
A document secured from a government authorizing an exporter to export a specific quantity of a controlled commodity to a certain country. An export license is often required if a government has placed embargoes or other restrictions upon exports.
Exporter Identification Number (EIN)
A number required for the exporter on the Shipper’s Export Declaration. A corporation may use their Federal Employer Identification Number as issued by the IRS; individuals can use their Social Security Numbers.
Extended Enterprise
The notion that supply chain partners form a larger entity which works together as though it were a single unit.
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
A computer term for a language that facilitates direct communication of data among computers on the Internet. Unlike the older hypertext markup language (HTML) which provides data tags that give instructions to a web browser on how to display information, XML tags give instructions to a browser or to application software which help to define specifics about the category of information.
External Factory
A situation where suppliers are viewed as an extension of the firm’s manufacturing capabilities and capacities. The same practices and concerns that are commonly applied to the management of the firm’s manufacturing system should also be applied to the management of the external factory.
Ex Works
The price that the seller quotes applies only at the point of origin. The buyer takes possession of the shipment at the point of origin and bears all costs and risks associated with transporting the goods to the destination.

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